Data from: Hierarchical behaviour, habitat use and species size differences shape evolutionary outcomes of hybridization in a coral reef fish

Data consists of 1 file:

(1) Microsatellite genotype dataset - The .xlsx file contains the allelic data for 8 microsatellite loci amplified across individuals of Amphiprion chrysopterus, Amphiprion leucokranos (hybrid), and Amphiprion sandaracinos sampled from Kimbe Bay, Papua New Guinea.

Abstract [Related Publication]: Hybridization is an important evolutionary process, with ecological and behavioural factors influencing gene exchange between hybrids and parent species. Patterns of hybridization in anemonefishes may result from living in highly specialized habitats and breeding status regulated by size-based hierarchal social groups. Here, morphological, ecological and genetic analyses in Kimbe Bay, Papua New Guinea, examine the hybrid status of Amphiprion leucokranos, a nominal species and presumed hybrid between Amphiprion sandaracinos and Amphiprion chrysopterus. We test the hypothesis that habitat use and relative size differences of the parent species and hybrids determine the patterns of gene exchange. There is strong evidence that A. leucokranos is a hybrid of smaller A. sandaracinos and larger A. chrysopterus, where A. chrysopterus is exclusively the mother to each hybrid, based on mtDNA cytochrome b and multiple nDNA microsatellite loci. Overlap in habitat, depth and host anemone use was found, with hybrids intermediate to parents and cohabitation in over 25% of anemones sampled. Hybrids, intermediate in body size, colour and pattern, were classified 55% of the time as morphologically first-generation hybrids relative to parents, whereas 45% of hybrids were more A. sandaracinos-like, suggesting backcrossing. Unidirectional introgression of A. chrysopterus mtDNA into A. sandaracinos via hybrid backcrosses was found, with larger female hybrids and small male A. sandaracinos mating. Potential nDNA introgression was also evident through distinct intermediate hybrid genotypes penetrating both parent species. Findings support the hypothesis that anemonefish hierarchical behaviour, habitat use and species-specific size differences determine how hybrids form and the evolutionary consequences of hybridization.

The full methodology is available in the publication shown in the Related Publications link below.

 

    Data Record Details
    Data record related to this publication Data from: Hierarchical behaviour, habitat use and species size differences shape evolutionary outcomes of hybridization in a coral reef fish
    Data Publication title Data from: Hierarchical behaviour, habitat use and species size differences shape evolutionary outcomes of hybridization in a coral reef fish
  • Description

    Data consists of 1 file:

    (1) Microsatellite genotype dataset - The .xlsx file contains the allelic data for 8 microsatellite loci amplified across individuals of Amphiprion chrysopterus, Amphiprion leucokranos (hybrid), and Amphiprion sandaracinos sampled from Kimbe Bay, Papua New Guinea.

    Abstract [Related Publication]: Hybridization is an important evolutionary process, with ecological and behavioural factors influencing gene exchange between hybrids and parent species. Patterns of hybridization in anemonefishes may result from living in highly specialized habitats and breeding status regulated by size-based hierarchal social groups. Here, morphological, ecological and genetic analyses in Kimbe Bay, Papua New Guinea, examine the hybrid status of Amphiprion leucokranos, a nominal species and presumed hybrid between Amphiprion sandaracinos and Amphiprion chrysopterus. We test the hypothesis that habitat use and relative size differences of the parent species and hybrids determine the patterns of gene exchange. There is strong evidence that A. leucokranos is a hybrid of smaller A. sandaracinos and larger A. chrysopterus, where A. chrysopterus is exclusively the mother to each hybrid, based on mtDNA cytochrome b and multiple nDNA microsatellite loci. Overlap in habitat, depth and host anemone use was found, with hybrids intermediate to parents and cohabitation in over 25% of anemones sampled. Hybrids, intermediate in body size, colour and pattern, were classified 55% of the time as morphologically first-generation hybrids relative to parents, whereas 45% of hybrids were more A. sandaracinos-like, suggesting backcrossing. Unidirectional introgression of A. chrysopterus mtDNA into A. sandaracinos via hybrid backcrosses was found, with larger female hybrids and small male A. sandaracinos mating. Potential nDNA introgression was also evident through distinct intermediate hybrid genotypes penetrating both parent species. Findings support the hypothesis that anemonefish hierarchical behaviour, habitat use and species-specific size differences determine how hybrids form and the evolutionary consequences of hybridization.

    The full methodology is available in the publication shown in the Related Publications link below.

     

  • Other Descriptors
    • Descriptor

      This dataset is available from Dryad in MS Excel (.xlsx) format. Dryad data package:Gainsford A, van Herwerden L, Jones GP (2015) Data from: Hierarchical behaviour, habitat use and species size differences shape evolutionary outcomes of hybridization in a coral reef fish. Dryad Digital Repository. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.m1503

    • Descriptor type Full
  • Data type dataset
  • Keywords
    • asymmetric behavioural isolation
    • uni-directional introgression
    • size-based hierarchy
    • reproductive barrier
    • Amphiprion chrysopterus
    • Amphiprion sandaracinos
    • ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
  • Funding source
  • Research grant(s)/Scheme name(s)
  • Research themes
    Tropical Ecosystems, Conservation and Climate Change
    FoR Codes (*)
    • 060205 - Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
    • 060801 - Animal Behaviour
    • 060411 - Population, Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics
    SEO Codes
    • 960808 - Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
    • 960903 - Coastal and Estuarine Water Management
    Specify spatial or temporal setting of the data
    Temporal (time) coverage
  • Start Date
  • End Date
  • Time Period
    Spatial (location) coverage
  • Locations
    • Kimbe Bay, Papua New Guinea (5°30′S, 150°05′E)
    Data Locations

    Type Location Notes
    URL https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.m1503
    The Data Manager is: Ashton Gainsford
    College or Centre
    Access conditions Open: free access under license
  • Alternative access conditions
  • Data record size 1 file: 26.57 KB
  • Related publications
      Name Gainsford, A., Van Herwerden, L., and Jones, G.P. (2015) Hierarchical behaviour, habitat use and species size differences shape evolutionary outcomes of hybridization in a coral reef fish. Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 28 (1). pp. 205-222.
    • URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jeb.12557
    • Notes
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    • Notes
    Citation Gainsford, Ashton; van Herwerden, Lynne; Jones, Geoffrey (2014): Data from: Hierarchical behaviour, habitat use and species size differences shape evolutionary outcomes of hybridization in a coral reef fish. James Cook University.