Coral metagenome: bacterial associates of corals

Bacterial 16s rDNA sequencing of different tissues from the coral Acropora granulosa, from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) BioProject number PRJNA233450. Submitted by James Cook University.

Data type: Random survey.

Abstract [Related Publication]: Despite being one of the simplest metazoans, corals harbor some of the most highly diverse and abundant microbial communities. Differentiating core, symbiotic bacteria from this diverse host-associated consortium is essential for characterizing the functional contributions of bacteria but has not been possible yet. Here we characterize the coral core microbiome and demonstrate clear phylogenetic and functional divisions between the micro-scale, niche habitats within the coral host. In doing so, we discover seven distinct bacterial phylotypes that are universal to the core microbiome of coral species, separated by thousands of kilometres of oceans. The two most abundant phylotypes are co-localized specifically with the corals' endosymbiotic algae and symbiont-containing host cells. These bacterial symbioses likely facilitate the success of the dinoflagellate endosymbiosis with corals in diverse environmental regimes.

The full methodology is available in the Open Access publication from the Related Publications link below.

 

    Data Record Details
    Data record related to this publication Coral metagenome: bacterial associates of corals
    Data Publication title Coral metagenome: bacterial associates of corals
  • Description

    Bacterial 16s rDNA sequencing of different tissues from the coral Acropora granulosa, from the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) BioProject number PRJNA233450. Submitted by James Cook University.

    Data type: Random survey.

    Abstract [Related Publication]: Despite being one of the simplest metazoans, corals harbor some of the most highly diverse and abundant microbial communities. Differentiating core, symbiotic bacteria from this diverse host-associated consortium is essential for characterizing the functional contributions of bacteria but has not been possible yet. Here we characterize the coral core microbiome and demonstrate clear phylogenetic and functional divisions between the micro-scale, niche habitats within the coral host. In doing so, we discover seven distinct bacterial phylotypes that are universal to the core microbiome of coral species, separated by thousands of kilometres of oceans. The two most abundant phylotypes are co-localized specifically with the corals' endosymbiotic algae and symbiont-containing host cells. These bacterial symbioses likely facilitate the success of the dinoflagellate endosymbiosis with corals in diverse environmental regimes.

    The full methodology is available in the Open Access publication from the Related Publications link below.

     

  • Other Descriptors
  • Data type dataset
  • Keywords
    • environmental microbiology
    • microbiome
    • endosymbionts
    • metagenomics
    • Acropora granulosa
    • rDNA sequences
    • ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
  • Funding source
  • Research grant(s)/Scheme name(s)
  • Research themes
    Tropical Ecosystems, Conservation and Climate Change
    FoR Codes (*)
    • 060504 - Microbial Ecology
    • 060205 - Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
    SEO Codes
    • 960808 - Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
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    Temporal (time) coverage
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    The Data Manager is: Tracy Ainsworth
    College or Centre
    Access conditions Open: free access under license
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  • Related publications
      Name Ainsworth, Tracy D., Krause, Lutz, Bridge, Thomas, Torda, Gergely, Raina, Jean-Baptiste, Zakrzewski, Martha, Gates, Ruth D., Padilla-Gamino, Jacqueline L., Spalding, Heather L., Smith, Celia, Woolsey, Erika S., Bourne, David G., Bongaerts, Pim, Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove, and Leggat, Bill (2015) The coral core microbiome identifies rare bacterial taxa as ubiquitous endosymbionts. ISME Journal: multidisciplinary journal of microbial ecology, 9. pp. 2261-2274.
    • URL http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ismej.2015.39
    • Notes Open Access
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      James Cook University
    Citation Ainsworth, Tracy; Bridge, Thomas; Torda, Gergely; Raina, Jean-Baptiste; Woolsey, Erika; Leggat, William; Krause, L; Zakrzewski, J; Gates, R; Padilla-Gamino, J; Spalding, H; Smith, C; Bourne, D; Bongaerts, D; Hoegh-Guldberg, O (2014): Coral metagenome: bacterial associates of corals. James Cook University.