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Publications

These are the most recent publications associated with this author. To see a detailed profile of all publications stored at JCU, visit ResearchOnline@JCU. Hover over Altmetrics badges to see social impact.

Journal Articles
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ResearchOnline@JCU stores 116+ research outputs authored by Prof Paul Southgate from 1988 onwards.

Current Funding

Current and recent Research Funding to JCU is shown by funding source and project.

ACIAR - Research Grant

Improving technical and institutional capacity to support development of mariculture based livelihoods and industry in New Ireland, Papua New Guinea

Indicative Funding
$33,600 over 2 years (administered by University of the Sunshine Coast)
Summary
The overall aim of this project is to provide a sustainable basis for the further development of a mariculture sector in PNG and to further build capacity within country partner organisations and coastal communities to support this development. Specific research objectives are: * to further develop culture and husbandry protocols for target species; * to develop community-based sea cucumber culture methodology to a level potentially supporting income generation; and * to continue building long term institutional mariculture capacity in PNG. Given the significant community benefits expected from this project, detailed economic and socio-economic assessments will be undertaken to describe project impacts.
Investigators
Paul Southgate, Simon Foale and Catherine Hair (University of the Sunshine Coast, College of Arts, Society & Education and College of Science & Engineering)
Keywords
Mariculture; Sea Cucumber; Fishery management; marine tenure; Economic Development; benefit distribution

ACIAR - Research Grant

Evaluating the impacts of improving postharvest processing of sea cucumbers in the western Pacific region

Indicative Funding
$50,210 over 4 years
Summary
Sea cucumbers are significant to Pacific Island communities as a high value export commodity - in dried form as 'beche-de-mer'. A major issue facing sea cucumber fishers is the poor quality of processing by them which reduces the value of their product and their resulting income. Support to fishers in processing sea cucumbers to a high export quality, using the best methods, will likely improve their incomes and their concept is the basis for this project. This project partners JCU with Southern Cross University and fisheries departments in Kiribati, Tonga and Fiji. The JCU component of the project will focus particularly on the potential to develop novel (non-dried) methods for sea cucumber processing which may broaden the range of products produced from sea-cucumbers, open up new markets for these products, and increase the overall value of this industry and potential benefits to Pacific Island communities.
Investigators
Paul Southgate, Steven Purcell and Ravinesh Ram (College of Science & Engineering and Southern Cross University)
Keywords
a cucumber; coastal aquaculture; postharvest; International Development; Processing; sandfish

ACIAR - Research Grant

Seaweed Research Project in Pacific Countries

Indicative Funding
$1,255,650 over 5 years
Summary
This project will provide the technological basis for diversification and revitalisation of seaweed industries in Pacific Island Countries. The specific objectives are to improve production levels and post-harvest quality of kappaphycus in Fiji and Kiribati, consolidate production and post-harvest strategies for edible sea grapes Caulerpa in Samoa and Fiji and, assess opportunities for new seaweed bio products in pacific Island Countries.
Investigators
Nicholas Paul and Paul Southgate (College of Science & Engineering)
Keywords
Aquaculture; Sea Grapes; Fisheries; Seaweed; Pacific Islands; Kappaphycus Alvarezii

ACIAR - Research Grant

Pearl industry development in the Western Pacific

Indicative Funding
$1,154,050 over 5 years
Summary
This project addresses key technical issues for development of pearl culture in the Western Pacific. The overall aim is to provide a sustainable basis for the continued development of cultured pearl industries in Fiji and Tonga and to determine the feasibility of half-pearl culture in PNG. The main outputs will be (1) effective optimised culture methods for production and husbandry of two species of pearl oysters in the three target countries; (2) baseline information supporting sustainable industry development and product diversification; (3) introduction of pearl culture to new areas thereby addressing a key regional priority; (4) training materials to be used in extension activities; and (5) scientific publications.
Investigators
Paul Southgate in collaboration with Poasi Ngalaufe, Jacob Wani, John Vonokula, Monal Lal, Kyall Zenger and Dean Jerry (College of Science & Engineering, Ministry of Agriculture & Food, Forests and Fisheries, National Fisheries Authority, Papua New Guinea, Ministry of Agriculture & Food and Forests & Fisheries)
Keywords
Pearl oyster; coastal aquaculture; Pearl Culture; international development; Community Development; Pacific Iswlands

ACIAR - Research Grant

Understanding pearl oyster mortality in Fiji

Indicative Funding
$150,000 over 2 years
Summary
Fiji is a noted producer of cultured 'black' pearls but continued development of Fiji's pearl industry has stalled because of poor condition and mortality of oyster at the main farming sites around Vanua Levu. This has resulted in reduced production, farm closures, and loss of local jobs and livelihood activities in this economically depressed area of Fiji. The main aim of this project is to determine the factor(s) causing loss of condition and mortality of black-lip pearl oysters in Fiji. It will determine relationships between biological factors (oyster age, growth rates, survival, health status and condition) and environmental factors (e.g. micro-algae availability and composition, water temperature, turbidity, bacterial load and composition, dissolved oxygen, current, flushing rate, pH, site and depth) to identify key factors affecting oyster health.
Investigators
Paul Southgate in collaboration with Kirsten Heimann, Justin Hunter and Ruth Garcia-Gomez (College of Science & Engineering, J. Hunter Pearls and Secretariat of the Pacific Community)
Keywords
Pearl oyster; Pearl Culture; Fiji; Coastal Aquaculture; International Development; Pacific Islands

ACIAR - Research Grant

FIS/2010/054 Mariculture Development in New Ireland, Papua new Guinea

Indicative Funding
$1,823,409 over 4 years
Summary
There is an immediate need for economic activities, as alternatives to the sea cucumber fishery, to provide livelihood opportunities for coastal communities in PNG and the PNF government is under political pressure in this regard. The overall aim of this project is to provide a sustainable basis for development of a mariculture sector in PNG and to build capacity within country partner organisations to support this development. The project will achieve outcomes through three research objectives: (1) develop community-based sea cucumber culture methodologies; (2) trial and assessment of other mariculture commodities; and (3) improve the capacity of PNG institutions to support mariculture development in New Ireland province.
Investigators
Paul Southgate in collaboration with Jacob Wani (College of Science & Engineering, National Fisheries Authority and Papua New Guinea)
Keywords
Mariculture; Institutional Capacity Building; Community development; International Development; Coastal Aquaculture; Papua New Guinea; Sea Cucumbers; Marine Ornamentals

ACIAR - Research Grant

FIS/2010/042 Expansion and Diversification of Production and Management Systems for Sea Cucumbers in the Philippines, Vietnam and Northern Australia

Indicative Funding
$1,747,273 over 5 years
Summary
The aim of this project is to develop commercial-scale hatchery and grow-out technologies for sea cucumbers (sandfish), recognising the critical nature of adapting systems to social, institutional and bio-physical settings in participating communities. The project directly addresses several priority research areas. Specific objectives are to: (1) improve efficiency and adaptability of sandfish hatchery systems; (2) improve efficiency and adaptability of sandfish nursery and grow-out systems; (3) develop capacity to identify suitable sites for ranching using bio-physical indicators; and (4) develop tool, technologies and capacities to engage and train communities in sandfish culture and management. Outcomes will include a substantial increase in capacity to culture and manage the harvest of released sandfish among local institutions and partners. Technology for culture will be developed to a point where future scale-out to more diverse locations will be possible.
Investigators
Paul Southgate in collaboration with David Mills, Marie Antonette Juinio-Menez, Dinh Quang Duy Nguyen and Ann Fleming (College of Science & Engineering, WorldFish, University of the Philippines, Research Institute for Aquaculture No. 3 and Darwin Aquaculture Centre)
Keywords
Sea Cucumber; Mariculture; Community development; International Development; Coastal Aquaculture; Philippines; Vietnam; Tropical Australia
Supervision

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These Higher Degree Research projects are either current or by students who have completed their studies within the past 5 years at JCU. Linked titles show theses available within ResearchOnline@JCU.

Current
  • Influence of Processing Techniques on Quality and Nutritional Composition of the Tropical Sea Cucumber Holothuria scabra (PhD , Primary Advisor)
  • Broodstock Management, Delevopment of Rearing Systems and Feeding Regimes for Lavae of the Forktail Blenny, Meiacanthus Atrodorsalis (PhD , Secondary Advisor)
  • Development of Community Based Sea Cucumber Culture Methodologies in Papua New Guinea. (PhD , Primary Advisor)
Completed
Collaboration

The map shows research collaborations by institution from the past 7 years.
Note: Map points are indicative of the countries or states that institutions are associated with.

  • 5+ collaborations
  • 4 collaborations
  • 3 collaborations
  • 2 collaborations
  • 1 collaboration
  • Indicates the Tropics (Torrid Zone)

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