Research Data

Integrated land-sea conservation planning case studies


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Integrated land-sea conservation planning case studies
Date Record Created
Date Record Modified
Date Coverage
1994 to 2010
Time Period
Geospatial Location
  • Dataset includes studies from across the world
  1. Type: brief

    Spatial management, including setting aside conservation areas, is central to curbing the global decline of biodiversity, but many threats originate from beyond the boundaries of conservation areas. This is a particular problem in marine systems, which are influenced by many activities on land. In addition, connections between land and sea support many species and ecological processes valued for conservation. Integrated land-sea conservation planning incorporates ecological connections between land and sea and seeks to limit land-based threats to coastal-marine ecosystems, while achieving conservation objectives on the land. We reviewed 25 case studies that followed a land-sea planning approach, including considerations of land-sea processes (natural flows occurring between realms), cross-system threats (threats originating in one realm and affecting another), and socioeconomic interactions associated with management decisions to maintain or restore land-sea processes and to prevent or mitigate cross-system threats. This dataset summarizes selected elements of land-sea planning case studies.

  2. Type: full

    This dataset summarizes selected elements of land-sea planning case studies, including information about: planning domain, planning units, stakeholder involvement, conservation context, set goals (objectives), conservation features considered, treatment of land-sea processes, cross-system threats, ecosystem services and climate change, use of decision support tools, process followed to develop conservation alternatives, scheduling of actions/areas, and activities related to mainstreaming, implementation and monitoring. The dataset comprises non-spatial information regarding the reviewed case studies: Case studies: includes summary table with information about the 25 land-sea planning exercises, including information about the overall prioritization approach and methods followed by planners (Excel Spreadsheet), as well as supporting documentation underlying the review (PDF format).

  3. Type: note

    This dataset is associated with the following publication: Álvarez-Romero, J. G., R. L. Pressey, N. C. Ban, K. Vance-Borland, C. Willer, C. J. Klein, S. D. Gaines. 2011. Integrated land-sea conservation planning: the missing links. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 42:381-409.

Related Publications
  1. Integrated Land-Sea Conservation Planning: The Missing Links
    Academic paper
Related Websites
  1. Supplemental Table 1 contains case studies that summarize selected elements relevant to land-sea integration in conservation planning
    Supplementary Information
Related Data
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Related Services
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Technical metadata
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  1. Aggregated by: Mr Jorge Alvarez Romero , , ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (7351)
Primary Contact
Mr Jorge Alvarez Romero,
  1. Prof Robert Pressey ,
  1. Ken Vance-Borland, The Conservation Planning Institute, Corvallis, Oregon, USA
  2. Chuck Willer, Coast Range Association, Corvallis, Oregon, USA
  3. Carissa J. Klein, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
  4. Steven D. Gaines, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, USA
Fields of Research
  1. 050202 - Conservation and Biodiversity (050202)
Socio-Economic Objective
  1. 960902 - Coastal and Estuarine Land Management (960902)
  2. 960903 - Coastal and Estuarine Water Management (960903)
  1. biodiversity conservation
  2. integrated cross-realm planning
  3. integrated land-sea conservation planning
  4. integrated land-sea planning
  5. land-based pollution
  6. marine conservation
  7. marine spatial planning
  8. marine protected area
  9. ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
  10. Marxan
  11. MPA
  12. multi-objective planning
  13. protected area
  14. systematic conservation planning
  15. terrestrial conservation
  16. water quality
  17. cross-system threat
Research Activity
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Research Themes
Tropical Ecosystems, Conservation and Climate Change
CC BY-NC-SA: Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 AU
License - Other
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Access Rights/Conditions
Open access. If the data is not freely accessible via the link provided, please contact the nominated data manager or for assistance.
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Data Location
Online Locations
Stored At
Room 124, Building DB-019, ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia; GD6QF2S\datasets\001_JORGE
Alvarez Romero, J. (2016). Integrated land-sea conservation planning case studies. James Cook University. (dataset).
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):