Research Data

Changes in vector species composition and current vector biology and behaviour will favour malaria elimination in Santa Isabel Province, Solomon Islands

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General
Title
Changes in vector species composition and current vector biology and behaviour will favour malaria elimination in Santa Isabel Province, Solomon Islands
Type
Dataset
Date Record Created
2012-06-01
Date Record Modified
2014-01-08
Language
English
Coverage
Date Coverage
2009-10-01 to 2009-10-31
Time Period
(no information)
Geospatial Location
  • Santa Isabel Island, Solomon Islands, South Pacific Ocean.
Description
Descriptions
  1. Type: brief

    The mosquitoes responsible for malaria transmission in Santa Isabel, Solomon Islands were investigated. This work was conducted because very little information about the biology and behaviour of mosquitoes has been previously recorded in the area, and was needed to develop a malaria elimination program for the province. Anopheles farauti was identified as the main coastal vector with An. solomonis as a possible inland vector.

  2. Type: full

    Background: In 2009, Santa Isabel Province in the Solomon Islands embarked on a malaria elimination programme. However, very little is known in the Province about the anopheline fauna, which species are vectors, their bionomics and how they may respond to intensified intervention measures. The purpose of this study was to provide baseline data on the malaria vectors and to ascertain the possibility of successfully eliminating malaria using the existing conventional vector control measures, such as indoor residual spraying (IRS) and long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN). Methods: Entomological surveys were undertaken during October 2009. To determine species composition and distribution larval surveys were conducted across on the whole island. For malaria transmission studies, adult anophelines were sampled using human landing catches from two villages - one coastal and one inland. Results: Five Anopheles species were found on Santa Isabel: Anopheles farauti, Anopheles hinesorum, Anopheles lungae, Anopheles solomonis, and Anopheles nataliae. Anopheles hinesorum was the most widespread species. Anopheles farauti was abundant, but found only on the coast. Anopheles punctulatus and Anopheles koliensis were not found. Anopheles farauti was the only species found biting in the coastal village, it was incriminated as a vector in this study; it fed early in the night but equally so indoors and outdoors, and had a low survival rate. Anopheles solomonis was the main species biting humans in the inland village, it was extremely exophagic, with low survival rates, and readily fed on pigs. Conclusion: The disappearance of the two major vectors, An. punctulatus and An. koliensis, from Santa Isabel and the predominance of An. hinesorum, a non-vector species may facilitate malaria elimination measures. Anopheles farauti was identified as the main coastal vector with An. solomonis as a possible inland vector. The behaviour of An. solomonis is novel as it has not been previously found biting humans in any numbers. Both species appear to be short-lived, a characteristic that will limit their transmission potential. The early night feeding behaviour and a degree of outdoor biting seen in An. farauti and particularly in An. solomonis will require that their response to IRS and LLIN be closely monitored. In coastal villages, where large, favourable breeding sites allow for high numbers of An. farauti may require the addition of larval control to achieve elimination.

  3. Type: note

    Geographic Location: Santa Isabel, Solomon Islands (8°14’21.66″S latitude and 159°33’27.08″ E longitude). Adult mosquito collections were made in Kolosori (8°07’13.21″ S, 159°31’49.96″E) and Popoheo (8°05’34.18″ S, 159°31’24.10″E) villages. Larval surveys were made in various locations across the island.

  4. Type: note

    The dataset consists of a csv file. A more complete version of the dataset has been attached to this record, replacing the previous data - Jan 2014.

Related Publications
  1. Changes in vector species composition and current vector biology and behaviour will favour malaria elimination in Santa Isabel Province, Solomon Islands
Related Websites
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Related Data
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Related Services
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Technical metadata
(no information)
People
Creators
  1. Aggregated by: Dr Tanya Russell , Queensland Tropical Health Alliance
Primary Contact
Dr Tanya Russell, tanya.russell@jcu.edu.au
Supervisors
(no information)
Collaborators
  1. Hugo Bugoro. National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Honiara, Solomon Islands. Institute of Tropical Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, No. 155, Sec.2, Li-Nong Street, Taipei 112, Taiwan
  2. Robert D Cooper. Australian Army Malaria Institute, Gallipoli Barracks, Enoggera, 4052, Australia
  3. Charlie Iro’ofa. National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Honiara, Solomon Islands
  4. Donna O Mackenzie. Australian Army Malaria Institute, Gallipoli Barracks, Enoggera, 4052, Australia
  5. Allen Apairamo. National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Honiara, Solomon Islands
  6. Watson Hevalao. National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Honiara, Solomon Islands
  7. Sarah Corcoran. Australian Army Malaria Institute, Gallipoli Barracks, Enoggera, 4052, Australia
  8. Albino Bobogare. National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme, Ministry of Health, Honiara, Solomon Islands
  9. Nigel W Beebe. School of Biological Sciences, University of Queensland, Goddard Building, St.Lucia, Qld 4068, Australia
  10. Cheng-Chen Chen. Institute of Tropical Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, No. 155, Sec.2, Li-Nong Street, Taipei 112, Taiwan
Subject
Fields of Research
  1. 110309 - Infectious Diseases (110309) (110309)
Socio-Economic Objective
(no information)
Keywords
  1. anopheles farauti
  2. anopheles lungae
  3. Mosquitoes
  4. anopheles solomonis
  5. anopheles hinesorum
  6. anopheles nataliae
  7. Solomon Islands
  8. Malaria
Research Activity
(no information)
Research Themes
Tropical Health, Medicine and Biosecurity
Rights
License
CC BY: Attribution 3.0 AU
License - Other
(no information)
Access Rights/Conditions
Open Access. If the data is not available via the provided link, please contact an associated party (preferrably the Manager as specified) for access.
Type
open
Rights
(no information)
Data
Data Location
Online Locations
Attachments
  1. Changes-in-vector-species-composition-and-current-vector-biology-and-behaviour-will-favour-malaria-elimination-in-Santa-Isabel-Province-Solomon-Islands-FullData-Jan2014.csv (Data File, Public)
Stored At
Tanya L Russell, School of Public Health, Tropical Medicine and Rehabilitation Sciences, Cairns Campus, Cairns, QLD, 4870, Tel: (07) 5456 5415
Citation
Cite:
Bugoro, Hugo.; Iro'ofa, Charlie.; Mackenzie, Donna O.; Apairamo, Allen.; Hevalao, Watson.; Corcoran, Sarah.; Bobogare, Albino.; Beebe, Nigel W.; Russell, Tanya.; Chen, Cheng-Chen.; Cooper, Robert D. (2012). Changes in vector species composition and current vector biology and behaviour will favour malaria elimination in Santa Isabel Province, Solomon Islands. James Cook University. (dataset). jcu.edu.au/tdh/collection/ddca04e6-5298-4a64-ab20-b2402ad6693a