Research Data

Data from: Nadler L, E., Killen S, S., McCormick MI. Hierarchical effects of flow-regime and social assortment on physiological differences among groups of a coral reef fish

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General
Title
Data from: Nadler L, E., Killen S, S., McCormick MI. Hierarchical effects of flow-regime and social assortment on physiological differences among groups of a coral reef fish
Type
Dataset
Date Record Created
2019-01-24
Date Record Modified
2019-01-25
Language
English
Coverage
Date Coverage
2013-11-01 to 2013-12-31
Time Period
(no information)
Geospatial Location
  • Lizard Island,northern Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, Australia
Description
Descriptions
  1. Type: full

    Abstract [Related Publication]: Group-living in animals carries a variety of trade-offs, with the exact benefit for any group member being largely dependent on the characteristics of its group-mates. For instance, similarity in locomotory performance aids in maintaining cohesion and synchronicity during collective movements while heterogeneity in behavioural phenotypes can aid in establishment of social hierarchies and individualized niches. However, no one has yet investigated whether animal groups sort according to physiological traits by means of phenotypic plasticity, selective mortality, and/or passive and active assortment. Here, we examined whether wild schools of the gregarious coral reef fish Chromis viridis display inter-group differences in whole-animal physiological traits and whether such variation is associated with local habitat characteristics (temperature, depth and flow rate). Using oxygen uptake (ṀO2) as a proxy for aerobic metabolic rate, we found significant differences in maximum metabolic rate (MMR, the upper constraint on an individual’s oxygen-consuming physiological activities) and aerobic scope (AS, capacity to support activities beyond basic maintenance) among schools from different sites, with both traits 11-13% higher in individuals collected on high-flow regime reefs. Minimum (i.e., standard) metabolic rate (SMR) was higher both at sites with shallower depths and on reefs with higher flow. In addition, among groups within sites, SMR often showed inter-school variance, suggesting groups may be assorting locally by SMR phenotype. Recent research examining intraspecific diversity has mainly focussed on differences among individuals, or among populations inhabiting different geographic regions. These results indicate that, in social species, phenotypic differences among groups may be influenced by a hierarchy of effects, with abiotic environmental characteristics affecting the distribution of metabolic traits generally and mechanisms of assortment driving the basal energy demand among social groups within a site.

    The dataset consists of an Excel datasheet containing location data and respirometry metabolism estimates for the damselfish Chromis viridis.

    The full methodology will be available from the Related Publications link below when the paper (submitted to the Journal of Fish Biology) is published.

     

  2. Type: full

    This dataset is available as a spreadsheet in MS Excel (.xlsx) and Open Document formats (.ods)

Related Publications
(no information)
Related Websites
(no information)
Related Data
(no information)
Related Services
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Technical metadata
(no information)
People
Creators
  1. Associated with: Ms Lauren Nadler , lauren.nadler@jcu.edu.au , College of Science & Engineering, Marine Biology & Aquaculture
Primary Contact
Prof Mark McCormick, mark.mccormick@jcu.edu.au
Supervisors
(no information)
Collaborators
  1. Dr Shaun Killen, University of Glasgow
Subject
Fields of Research
  1. 060203 - Ecological Physiology (060203)
Socio-Economic Objective
  1. 970106 - Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences (970106)
Keywords
  1. coral reef fish
  2. respiratory physiology
  3. current strength
  4. metabolism
  5. damselfish
  6. ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies
Research Activity
(no information)
Research Themes
Tropical Ecosystems, Conservation and Climate Change
Rights
License
CC BY-NC 4.0: Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International
License - Other
(no information)
Access Rights/Conditions
Open access. If the data is not freely accessible via the link provided, please contact the nominated data manager or researchdata@jcu.edu.au for assistance.
Type
open
Rights
(no information)
Data
Data Location
Online Locations
Attachments
  1. Nadler et al_data FINAL.xlsx (Data File, Public)
  2. Nadler et al_data FINAL.ods (Data File, Public)
Stored At
(no information)
Citation
Cite:
Nadler, L. (2019). Data from: Nadler L, E., Killen S, S., McCormick MI. Hierarchical effects of flow-regime and social assortment on physiological differences among groups of a coral reef fish. James Cook University. (dataset). http://dx.doi.org/10.25903/5c4a754d43218
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):
10.25903/5c4a754d43218