Prof Bill Laurance ~ Distinguished Professor
College of Marine & Environmental Sciences
- Research Disciplines
- Socio-Economic Objectives
William Laurance is a Distinguished Research Professor at James Cook University in Cairns, Australia, and holds an Australian Laureate Fellowship, one of Australia’s highest scientific awards. He also holds the Prince Bernhard Chair in International Nature Conservation at Utrecht University, Netherlands.
Laurance received his Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley in 1989. His research focuses on the impacts of intensive land-uses, such as habitat fragmentation, logging, hunting and wildfires, on tropical forests and their biodiversity. He is also interested in protected areas, climatic change, the impacts of roads and other infrastructure on biodiversity, and conservation policy. His research over the past 35 years spans the tropical world, including the Amazon, Africa and Asia-Pacific regions. To date he has published eight books and over 400 scientific and popular articles.
A leading voice for conservation, Laurance believes that scientists must actively engage policy makers and the general public, as well as other scientists. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and former president of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation.
Laurance has received many scientific honors including the BBVA Frontiers in Ecology and Conservation Biology Award, a Distinguished Service Award from the Society for Conservation Biology, and the Heineken Environment Prize. He is also founder and director of ALERT—the Alliance of Leading Environmental Researchers & Thinkers, a group that advocates for environmental sustainability.
These are the most recent publications associated with this author. To see a detailed profile of all publications stored at JCU, visit ResearchOnline@JCU. Hover over Altmetrics badges to see social impact.
- Journal Articles
- Wilson WF, Chen MC, Corlett RT, Didham RK, Ding RK, Holt R, Holyoak RD, Hu G, Hughes AC, Jiang L, Laurance WF, Liu J, Pimm SL, Robinson SK, Russo SE, Si X, Wilcove DS, Wu J and Yu M (2016) Habitat fragmentation and biodiversity conservation: key findings and future challenges. Landscape Ecology, 31 (2). pp. 219-227
- Bradshaw CJA, Craigie I and Laurance WF (2015) National emphasis on high-level protection reduces risk of biodiversity decline in tropical forest reserves. Biological Conservation, 190. pp. 115-122
- Brienen RJW, Phillips OL, Feldpausch TR, Gloor EU, Baker TR, Lloyd JJ, López-gonzález G, Monteagudo A, Malhi Y, Lewis SL, Vásquez R, Alexiades KJ., Álvarez-Dávila S, Alvarez-Loayza DR., Andrade ES., Aragão LEO, Araujo-Murakami EN., Arets H, Arroyo L, Aymard G, Banki O, Baraloto J, Barroso LEOC., Bonal D, Boot A, Camargo R, Camargo JLC, Castilho CV, Chama E, Chao KJ, Chave J, Comiskey NCA., Cornejo Valverde J, da Costa A, De Oliveira EA, Di Fiore A, Erwin A, Fauset L, Forsthofer A, Galbraith D, Grahame GA., Groot OS., Hérault C, Higuchi N, Honorio Coronado D, Keeling RJ., Killeen TJ, Laurance WF, Laurance S, Licona C, Magnussen JE., Marlmon J, Marlmon-Junior JA., Mendoza F, Neill L, Nogueira EA., Nüñez M, Pallqui Camacho BS., Parada BH., Pardo-Molina RK., Peacock J, Peña-Claros TL., Pickavance B, Pitman NCA, Poorter TJ., Prieto J, Quesada CA, Ramírez-angulo H, Restrepo WE., Roopsind C, Rudas A, Salomão EM., Schwartz CA., Silva N, Silva-Espejo VA., Silveira M, Stropp F, Talbot H, Ter Steege H, Teran-Aguilar A, Terborgh J, Thomas-Caesar IC., Toledo N, Torello Raventos M, Umetsu M, Van Der Heijden G, van der Hout H, Vieira ICG, Vieira GMF., Vilanova E, Vos VA and Zagt R (2015) Long-term decline of the Amazon carbon sink. Nature, 519. pp. 344-348
- Campbell MJ, Edwards WJ, Odell E, Mohandass D and Laurance WF (2015) Can lianas assist rainforest restoration? Tropical Conservation Science, 8 (1). pp. 257-273
- Costa FV, Costa FRC, Magnusson WE, Franklin E, Zuanon J, Cintra R, Luizão FJ, Camargo JLC, Andrade A, Laurance WF, Baccaro FB, De Souza JLP and Espírito-Santo H (2015) Synthesis of the first 10 years of long-term ecological research in Amazonian Forest ecosystem: implications for conservation and management. Natureza & Conservação, 13 (1). pp. 3-14
- Fauset S, Johnson M, Gloor M, Baker TR, Monteagudo A, Brienen RJW, Feldpausch TR, López-gonzález G, Malhi Y, Ter Steege H, Pitman NCA, Baraloto C, Engel J, Petrónelli P, Andrade A, Camargo JLC, Laurance S, Laurance WF, Jerôme C, Allie E, Núñez Vargas P, Terborgh J, Ruokolainen K, Silveira M, Aymard G, Arroyo L, Bonal D, Ramírez-angulo H, Araujo-murakami A, Neill DA, Hérault B, Dourdain A, Torres-lezama A, Marimon BS, Salomão RP, Comiskey JA, Réjou-Méchain M, Toledo M, Licona JC, Alarcón A, Prieto A, Rudas A, van der Meer PJ, Killeen TJ, Marimon-junior BH, Poorter L, Boot RGA, Stergios B, Vilanova Torre E, Costa FRC, Levis C, Schietti J, Souza P, Groot N, Arets EJMM, Moscoso VC, Castro W, Honorio Coronado EN, Peña-Claros M, Stahl C, Barroso J, Talbot J, Vieira ICG, Van Der Heijden G, Thomas R, Vos VA, Almeida EC, Davila EA, Aragão LEO, Erwin TL, Morandi PS, De Oliveira EA, Valadão MBX, Zagt RJ, van der Hout P, Alvarez Loayza P, Pipoly JJ, Wang O, Alexiades MN, Cerón CE, Huamantupa-chuquimaco I, Di Fiore A, Peacock J, Pallqui Camacho NC, Umetsu RK, Barbosa de Camargo P, Burnham RJ, Herrera R, Quesada CA, Stropp J, Vieira SA, Steininger M, Reynel Rodríguez C, Restrepo Z, Esquivel Muelbert A, Lewis SL, Pickavance GC and Phillips OL (2015) Hyperdominance in Amazonian forest carbon cycling. Nature Communications, 6. pp. 1-9
- Haddad NM, Brudvig LA, Clobert J, Davies K, Gonzalez A, Holt R, Lovejoy TE, Sexton JO, Austin MP, Collins MA, Cook WM, Damschen EI, Ewers RM, Foster BL, Jenkins CN, King AJ, Laurance WF, Levey DJ, Margules CR, Melbourne BA, Nicholls AO, Orrock JL, Song D and Townshend JR (2015) Habitat fragmentation and its lasting impact on Earth's ecosystems. Science, 1 (2). pp. 1-9
- Hedges WF, Lam W, Campos-Arceiz A, Rayan YL, Laurance WF, Latham C, Saaban CJ and Clements GR (2015) Melanistic leopards reveal their spots: infrared camera traps provide a population density estimate of leopards in Malaysia. Journal of Wildlife Management, 79 (5). pp. 846-853
- Honorio Coronado EN, Dexter EN, Pennington KG, Chave J, Lewis SL, Alexiades M, Alvarez MN, Alvez de Oliveira A, Amaral I, Araujo-Murakami A, Arets E, Aymard G, Baraloto C, Bonal D, Brienen RJW, Ceron C, Cornejo Valverde F, Di Fiore A, Farfan-Rios W, Feldpausch TR, Higuchi N, Huamantupa-Chuquimaco I, Laurance S, Laurance WF, López-gonzález G, Marimon BS, Marimon-junior BH, Monteagudo Mendoza A, Neill D, Palacios Cuenca MC, Penuela Mora NCA, Pitman NCA, Prieto A, Quesada CA, Ramirez Angulo H, Rudas A, Ruschell AR, Salinas Revilla N, Salomão RP, Segalin de Andrade MR, Silman MR, Spironello W, Ter Steege H, Terborgh J, Toledo M, Valenzuela Gamarra ICG, Vieria I, Vilanova E, Vos VA and Phillips OL (2015) Phylogenetic diversity of Amazonian tree communities. Diversity and Distributions, 21. pp. 1295-1307
- Katovai E, Katovai DD, Edwards WJ and Laurance WF (2015) Forest structure, plant diversity and local endemism in a highly varied New Guinea landscape. Tropical Conservation Science, 8 (2). pp. 284-300
- Book Chapters
- Campbell MJ, Magrach A and Laurance WF (2015) Liana diversity and the future of tropical forests. In: Biodiversity of Lianas. Sustainable development and biodiversity, 5. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 255-274
- Campbell MJ, Laurance WF and Magrach Gonzalez A (2015) Ecological effects of lianas in fragmented forests. In: Ecology of Lianas. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ, USA, pp. 443-450
ResearchOnline@JCU stores 230+ research outputs authored by Prof Bill Laurance from 1999 onwards.
- Current Funding
Current and recent Research Funding to JCU is shown by funding source and project.
Australian Research Council - Discovery - Projects
Response and vulnerability of tropical rainforest plants to experimental drought
- Indicative Funding
- $365,000 over 3 years
- How will tropical forests respond if droughts should increase in the future? In a globally unique experiment, we will induce artificial rough in an Australian tropical rainforest and then use a canopy crane to assess plant responses at all vertical forest layers. We will contrast demographic and physiological responses of an array of plant species and functional groups, compared to nearby experimental-control plots where tree growth, composition, soil water and atmospheric exchange have been monitored since 1999. Drought responses for key species and functional groups will be compared with their distributions across regional rainfall gradients to yield novel insights into potential rainforest responses to future climate change.
- Susan Laurance, Joe Holtum, Bill Laurance and Paul Nelson in collaboration with Jonathan Lloyd and Maurizio Mencuccini (College of Marine & Environmental Sciences, College of Science, Technology & Engineering, University of Leeds and University of Edinburgh)
- rainforest ecology; climate change adaptations; Ecophysiology
Australia & Pacific Science Foundation - Research Project Grant
Regeneration and recovery dynamics of lowland tropical forests in the Solomon Archipelago
- Indicative Funding
- $36,000 over 3 years
- This study aims to investigate how secondary forests in the Solomon Archipelago recover floristically and functionally over various temporal stages after logging. With the looming prospect of losing all loggable forests within a decade, such a study is vital in order to gain the much needed perspective on how the natural forest is recovering, what factors are affecting the recovery process and how secondary regrowth can be effectively managed through targeted sustainable measures. These anticipated outcomes are very important for Solomon Islands and other tropical oceanic islands where much of the forest have been highly degraded through anthropogenic activities.
- Bill Laurance and Eric Katovai (College of Marine & Environmental Sciences)
- logging; forest regeneration; plant functional types; forest degradation; Biodiversity; Ecosystem services
Australian Research Council - Linkage - Projects
Accelerating species richness gains and carbon sequestration in secondary regrowth in north Queensland
- Indicative Funding
- $310,000 over 3 years, in partnership with the Queensland Herbarium ($150,000 over 3 yrs)
- Many tropical rainforests are being cleared and subsequently abandoned as the land becomes fallow. Secondary forests often regenerate in these abandoned sites but are a poor substitute for the original forest, lacking both their high species richness and exceptional carbon storage. Our team of leading researchers and industry partners will investigate the barriers to forest regeneration in tropical Australia and determine how we can accelerate the restoration of these forests to increase their carbon sequestration and biological diversity.
- Susan Laurance and Bill Laurance in collaboration with Steve Goosem, Noel Preece and Rod Fensham (College of Marine & Environmental Sciences, Wet Tropics Management Authority, Biome5 Pty Ltd and Queensland Herbarium)
- restoration ecology; Rainforest; regrowth; above-ground carbon
Australian Research Council - Discovery - Australian Laureate Fellowships
Advancing Australian Leadership in Tropical Conservation Science
- Indicative Funding
- $2,268,134 over 6 years
- Tropical forests are being felled, burned, logged, and overhunted at alarming rates, and increasingly suffer from harmful climatic change - jeopardizing much of the world's biodiversity and emitting dangerous greenhouse gases. This Australian Laureate Fellowship will advance a dynamic environmental research program for tropical forests in Australia, the neighbouring Asia-Pacific region, and beyond - focusing on mounting threats including forest fragmentation, road expansion, and destabilizing synergisms between climate change and fire. This cutting-edge program will forge practical solutions to urgent concerns while promoting an array of new research challenges, opportunities, and sources of international funding for Australian scientists.
- Bill Laurance (College of Marine & Environmental Sciences)
- tropical forests; Conservation Biology; Landscape ecology; Climatic Change; conservation policy
Advisory Accreditation: I can be on your Advisory Panel as a Primary or Secondary Advisor.
These Higher Degree Research projects are either current or by students who have completed their studies within the past 5 years at JCU. Linked titles show theses available within ResearchOnline@JCU.
- Conservation Development Trade-offs in Landscape Transitions (PhD, Secondary Advisor)
- Regeneration and Recovery Dynamics of Logged Forests in the Solomon Archipelago (PhD, Primary Advisor)
- The Ecological Response of Lianas to Habitat Fragmentation of the Tropical Rainforest. (PhD, Primary Advisor)
- Quantifying the Value of Riparian Forest Corridors for Medium and Large Mammals in Indonesia's Acacia and Oil Palm Plantations. (PhD, Primary Advisor)
- Diversity and Habitat use of Mid-Large Sized Mammals Across Oil Palm Landscapes in the Plains of Colombia. (PhD, Primary Advisor)
- Conservation Challenges of Wet-Tropical Nature Reserves In North-East India;; (2015, PhD, Primary Advisor)
- Foreign Investments in African Extractive Industries: a Focus on China-Africa with Case Studies in Cameroon (2015, PhD, Associate Advisor)
- The environmental and social impacts of roads in southeast Asia (2013, PhD, Primary Advisor)
The map shows research collaborations by institution from the past 7 years.
Note: Map points are indicative of the countries or states that institutions are associated with.
- 5+ collaborations
- 4 collaborations
- 3 collaborations
- 2 collaborations
- 1 collaboration
- Indicates the Tropics (Torrid Zone)
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