Associate Professor Sivakugan received his Bachellor's degree in Civil Engineering from University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka, with First Class Honours, and MSCE and PhD from Purdue University, West Lafayette, USA. His writings include eight books, seven book chapters, 145 refereed international journal papers, 100 refereed international conference papers, and more than 100 consulting reports.  His books (see Amazon.com), published through Cengage, Springer, Taylor&Francis, and J Ross, are adopted as text in many universities world-wide.

Siva has supervised 15 PhDs to completion, including two Cum Laudes, and has examined 35 Australian and overseas PhDs. He is a registered professional engineer of Queensland; a chartered professional engineer; and a Fellow of Engineers Australia, and American Society of Civil Engineers. He does substantial consulting work for the geotechnical and mining companies, and was a consultant to the World Bank. He is the Associate Editor for the International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering (UK)  and International Journal of Goesynthetics and Ground Engineering (Springer), and  serves in the editorial boards of Canadian Geotechnical Journal and Indian Geotechnical Journal (Springer). He is an ARC Ozreader, and is a reviewer for more than 20 international journals.  Currently (2018-2021), he serves in the Board of Professional Engineers of Queensland. His avocation includes bridge, cooking, reading, travelling and movies.

  • CS2001: Engineering Strength of Materials (Level 2; TSV)
  • CS2005: Introduction to Geotechnical Engineering (Level 2; TSV)
  • CS4001: Foundation Engineering and Rock Mechanics (Level 4; TSV)
  • Consultancy work in geotechnical and mining engineering.
  • Writing books for academics, researchers, professional engineers and students.
  • Consolidation and shear strength of soils, seepage through soils, bearing capacity and settlement of shallow foundations, testing soils and rocks, backfilling underground voids in mining, computational geomechanics.
  • Mentoring and nurturing good quality PhDs with life-long commitment to excel in research.
  • Inspiring the budding civil engineers through geotechnical engineering education.
  • Guiding our graduates in subject selection, vacation employment, and career prospects.
  • 2006 to 2013 - Associate Professor, James Cook University (Townsville)
  • 2003 to 2013 - Head, Civil & Environmental Engineering, James Cook University (Townsville)
  • 1998 to 2005 - Senior Lecturer, James Cook University (Townsville)
  • Fellow, Engineers Australia
  • Fellow, American Society of Civil Engineers
  • Registered Professional Engineer of Queensland
  • Chartered Professional Engineer
  • Australian Geomechanics Society
  • American Society of Civil Engineers
  • The Associate Editor, International Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, Maney Publications (UK)
  • Editorial Board Member, Environmental Geotechnics, ICE (UK)
  • Editorial Board Member, Indian Geotechnical Journal, Springer
  • Ozreader, Australian Research Council. Assessed LP, DP, DECRA, Future Fellows, CoE and LE projects.
  • Assessor, European Science Foundation
  • Consultant for World Bank

These are the most recent publications associated with this author. To see a detailed profile of all publications stored at JCU, visit ResearchOnline@JCU. Hover over Altmetrics badges to see social impact.

Journal Articles
Conference Papers

ResearchOnline@JCU stores 204+ research outputs authored by A/Prof Siva Sivakugan from 2002 onwards.

Current Funding

Current and recent Research Funding to JCU is shown by funding source and project.

Evolution Mining - Contract Research

ITS and UCS Tests on Rock Cores

Indicative Funding
The rock cores will be provided by Mt Carlton. They will be cut to length to diameter ratios of 2.5 and 0.5 for the uniaxial compressive strength test and indirect ensile strength tests, respectively. The UCS tests involved developing stress-strain plots and determining the uniaxial compressive strength and the Young's modulus. The indirect tensile strength requires the determination of the Is values. The client will be provided with a report that includes all results and photographs of the failure specimens.
Siva Sivakugan in collaboration with Ian Kelso (College of Science & Engineering and Evolution Mining)
Uniaxial Compressive Strength; Indirect Tensile Strength; Brazillian Test; Rock cores; Young's Modulus

Glencore Mount Isa Mines - Consultancy

UCS, Indirect Tensile Strength and 3-Point Beam Tests on MIM Paste

Indicative Funding
JCU is requested to carry out an extensive series of different tests on 50 mm dia. X 100 mm cylindrical specimens prepared and cured in the geomechanics laboratory. The tests will be in three stages, covering the three different solid contents 74.5%, 76.5% and 77.5%. The tests include uniaxial compression tests, indirect tensile strength and three-point bending. For each mix, slump tests have to be carried out at the beginning, to develop the slump height versus solid content variation.
Siva Sivakugan in collaboration with Ryan Veenstra (College of Science & Engineering and Glencore-Mt Isa Mine-George Fisher Mine)
Paste Fill; Mix Design; Indirect Tensile Strength; Blended Cement; Uniaxial Compressive Strength; Three-Point Bending

Glencore Mount Isa Mines - Consultancy

Mix Designs for Paste Aggregate Fills

Indicative Funding
JCU is requested to prepare the paste aggregate fill (PAF) samples, mixed with tailings in three different proportions. The samples are approximately 200mm diameter and 400mm in length, and the PAF should exclude fractions larger than 20mm and those less than 1.18mm. In all three mixes, UCS tests will be carried out after 7, 14, 28, 56 and 100 days and strength and Young's modulus will be determined. In addition, the grain size distribution, specific gravity, bulk density, and moisture content will be determined. In addition, it is also required to carry out slump tests on the different mixes using the standard slump cone.
Siva Sivakugan in collaboration with Shaun Van Der Merwe (College of Science & Engineering and Glencore Xstrata-Lady Loretta Mine)
Paste Aggregate Fill; Mix Design; Indirect Tensile Strength; Blended Cement; Uniaxial Compressive Strength

Evolution Mining - Consultancy

Uniaxial Compressive Strength of Cemented Rockfills

Indicative Funding
The Senior Mine Geotechnical Engineer, Mr Daniel Hill (0403492577 Daniel.Hill@evolutionmining.com) will prepare six 300mm diameter and 600 mm long cemented rock fill specimens that have to be studied for uniaxial compressive strength. The stress-strain plots will be developed to determine the uniaxial strength and the Young's modulus for each specimen. Prior to test, the sample ends will be flattened by Townsville Concrete Sawing and the cost (Approximately $700) will be paid by JCU. In additional to the cemented rock fill samples, 19 cement grout samples (50mm dia x 100 mm) will be tested.
Siva Sivakugan in collaboration with Daniel Hill (College of Science & Engineering and Evolution Mining)
Cemented Rock Fill; Grout; UCS; Young's Modulus; Stress-Strain

Glencore Mount Isa Mines - Consultancy

Strength Study of Paste Aggregate Fill from Lady Loretta Mine

Indicative Funding
The main focus is to cast thirteen 200 mm diameter x 400 mm long specimens and carry out uniaxial compressive strength, thus developing complete stress-strain plots from which uniaxial compressive strength and Young's modulus will be determined. On each of the 13 mix, slump test will be carried out, and dry density will be determined. Nine of the samples will be PAF and the remaining four will only contain tailings with binder. Grain size distributions and the specific gravity will be determined for three mixes: (a) 100% tailings, (b) 75% PAF and 25% tailings, and (c) 100%PAF. The required Chemical analysis and QXRD will be carried out in the city or at the Advanced Analytical Centre.
Siva Sivakugan and Shaun Van Der Merwe in collaboration with Jake O'Brien (College of Science & Engineering and Glencore Xstrata-Lady Loretta Mine)
Paste Fill; Mine Fill; Paste Aggregate Fill; Blended Cements; Uniazial Compressive Strength; Slump Study

Glencore Mount Isa Mines - Consultancy

UCS and Slump Studies on Paste Fills

Indicative Funding
The first part of the test is to determine the solid content of the nine different tailing slurries that would produce 260 mm slump. The next stage is to prepare the required number of specimens (93 in total) from the slurries mixed at the above solid contents. These 50 mm diameter and 100 mm length specimens will be tested after specific number of days for uniaxial strength. Complete stress-strain plots will be developed and UCS, Young's modulus and failure strain will be determined.
Siva Sivakugan in collaboration with Ryan Veenstra (College of Science & Engineering and Mount Isa Mines Exploration)
Paste Fill; Mine Fill; UCS; Blended Cements; Uniaxial Compressive Strength

Glencore Mount Isa Mines - Consultancy

Paste fill charaterisation

Indicative Funding
The test program to characterise the paste backfill from Mount Isa Mines include the following components: (a) Determination of the solid content based on slump tests, (b) Preparation of 90 specimens of 50mm diameter and 100mm length, cured for different periods, ? Carrying out unilaxial compression tests, and (d) carrying out the analysis of the test results and submitting the final report.
Siva Sivakugan in collaboration with Ahmed Soliman (College of Science & Engineering and Glencore plc)
Paste Fill; Mine fill; UCS; Blended cements; Uniaxial Compression strength

Advisory Accreditation: I can be on your Advisory Panel as a Primary or Secondary Advisor.

These Higher Degree Research projects are either current or by students who have completed their studies within the past 5 years at JCU. Linked titles show theses available within ResearchOnline@JCU.

  • Influence of admixture polycarboxylate plasticizer and pitchstone fines (natural pozzolan) on the performance of cemented paste fill (Masters , Primary Advisor/AM)
  • In-Situ Strength of Pastefill: A Laboratory and Analytical Approach (PhD , Primary Advisor/AM)
  • Sedimentation and Consolidation Behaviour of Fly Ash Based Geopolymer Stabilized Dredged Dud. (PhD , Primary Advisor/AM)
  • Seepage solutions for cofferdams and hydraulic mine fill stopes using the method of fragments (PhD , Primary Advisor/AM)
  • Strengthening of timber bridge girders through the use of fibre reinforced polymers (PhD , Secondary Advisor/AM)
  • Seepage criteria based optimal design of water retaining structures with reliability quantification utilizing surrogate model linked simulation-optimization approach (PhD , Secondary Advisor)
  • Development of Sustainable Groundwater Management Methodologies to Control Saltwater Intrusion into Coastal Aquifers and an application to a coastal aquifer in Tropical Pacific Island Country (PhD , Secondary Advisor)
  • Characterization of Pozzolanic Properties of Waste Glass as Partial Replacement of Cement (PhD , Secondary Advisor/AM)
  • Development of a sustainable groundwater management strategy and sequential compliance monitoring to control saltwater intrusion in coastal aquifers (PhD , Secondary Advisor)

The map shows research collaborations by institution from the past 7 years.
Note: Map points are indicative of the countries or states that institutions are associated with.

  • 5+ collaborations
  • 4 collaborations
  • 3 collaborations
  • 2 collaborations
  • 1 collaboration
  • Indicates the Tropics (Torrid Zone)

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