- A key personal goal is to undertake research that can be applied to support environmental management in both developed and developing nations, and I find working with communities to better understand coastal problems particularly rewarding.
- Since locating to Townsville I have continued my research on the Holocene development of coral reefs, including investigations of the impacts of environmental change on modern coral reef systems, and the recovery and interpretation of records of environmental change preserved within coral skeletons and reef deposits. Key areas of research include: 1) understanding spatial and temporal patterns and controls of reef growth and carbonate production; 2) the reconstruction of records of environmental change from coral skeletons, reef framework and sedimentary deposits as a context for understanding contemporary changes; and 3) understanding the geomorphological development and morphodynamics of coral reef islands. Unsurprisingly a large proportion of my research is focused on the Great Barrier Reef, but my research includes reefs in the Pacific (e.g. Torres Strait, Kiribati, PNG) and Indian Oceans (Maldives, Chagos, Singapore), as well as in the Caribbean Sea (Bahamas, Bonaire, Belize).
- In addition to reef research I am also actively involved in projects examining tropical coasts more generally, fluvial and catchment studies, and geochemical and sedimentological reconstructions of paleoenvironmental conditions.
- 2013 to present - Associate Dean Research, Faculty of Science and Engineering (James Cook University)
- 2008 to present - Associate Professor, James Cook University (James Cook University)
- 2004 to 2007 - Senior Lecturer, James Cook University (James Cook University)
- 1998 to 2003 - Lecturer, Tropical Environment Studies and Geography, James Cook University (Townsville)
- 1995 to 1997 - Acting Lecturer (contract), Tropical Environment Studies and Geography, James Cook University (Townsville)
- 1994 to 1995 - Associate Lecturer (contract), Tropical Environment Studies and Geography, James Cook University (Townsville)
- Research Disciplines
Scott Smithers is a geomorphologist within the School of Earth and Environmental Sciences and the Associate Dean Research for the Faculty of Science and Engineering (50% appointment).
Scott completed a Bachelor of Environmental Science at the University of Wollongong before beginning his research on coral reefs in his Honours year under the supervision of Professor Colin Woodroffe. Honours research focused on the surficial sediments and lagoonal sedimentation rates at Australia's only true coral atoll - the Cocos Keeling Islands. A PhD followed which examined the records of sea level preserved in the skeletons of corals known as 'microatolls'. Carbonate production, reef growth and sea level remain key research interests. Scott moved to James Cook University in 1994 to take advantage of its proximity to the Great Barrier Reef and the community of world class coral reef scientists located in Townsville.
Scott is currently the co-vice chair of the International Association of Geomorphologists (IAG) Working Group on ‘Reef and reef landform geomorphology: responses to climatic and environmental change’, and a member of ReefBudget - a Leverhulme Trust International Research Network ‘Developing rapid carbonate budget assessment protocols for coral reefs’.
- Australian Coral Reef Society
- International Society for Reef Studies
- Australian Quaternary Association
- REEForm - International Association of Geomorphologists working group on coral reefs
- Australian-New Zealand Geomorphology Research Group
These are the most recent publications associated with this author. To see a detailed profile of all publications stored at JCU, visit ResearchOnline@JCU. Hover over Altmetrics badges to see social impact.
- Journal Articles
- Bainbridge Z, Lewis S, Smithers S, Wilkinson S, Douglas G, Hillier S and Brodie J (2016) Clay mineral source tracing and characterisation of Burdekin River (NE Australia) and flood plume fine sediment. Journal of Soils Sediments, 16 (2). pp. 687-706
- Leonard N, Zhao J, Welsh K, Feng Y, Smithers S, Pandolfi J and Clark T (2016) Holocene sea level instability in the southern Great Barrier Reef, Australia: high-precision U-Th dating of fossil microatolls. Coral Reefs, 35 (2). pp. 625-639
- Ryan E, Smithers S, Lewis S, Clark T and Zhao J (2016) Chronostratigraphy of Bramston Reef reveals a long-term record of fringing reef growth under muddy conditions in the central Great Barrier Reef. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 441 (Part 4). pp. 734-747
- Barnett J, Evans L, Gross C, Kiem A, Kingsford R, Palutikof J, Pickering C and Smithers S (2015) From barriers to limits to climate change adaptation: path dependency and the speed of change. Ecology and Society, 20 (3). pp. 1-11
- Perry C, Steneck R, Murphy G, Kench P, Edinger E, Smithers S and Mumby P (2015) Regional-scale dominance of non-framework building corals on Caribbean reefs affects carbonate production and future reef growth. Global Change Biology, 21 (3). pp. 1153-1164
- Bainbridge Z, Lewis S, Smithers S, Kuhnert P, Henderson B and Brodie J (2014) Fine-suspended sediment and water budgets for a large, seasonally dry tropical catchment: Burdekin River catchment, Queensland, Australia. Water Resources Research, 50 (11). pp. 9067-9087
- Berkeley A, Perry C, Smithers S and Hoon S (2014) Towards a formal description of foraminiferal assemblage formation in shallow-water environments: qualitative and quantitative concepts. Marine Micropaleontology , 112. pp. 27-38
- Dawson J and Smithers S (2014) Carbonate sediment production, transport, and supply to a coral cay at Raine Reef, northern Great Barrier Reef, Australia: a facies approach. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 84 (11). pp. 1120-1138
- Dawson J, Smithers S and Hua Q (2014) The importance of large benthic foraminifera to reef island sediment budget and dynamics at Raine Island, northern Great Barrier Reef. Geomorphology, 222. pp. 68-81
- Perry C, Murphy G, Kench P, Edinger E, Smithers S, Steneck R and Mumby P (2014) Changing dynamics of Caribbean reef carbonate budgets: emergence of reef bioeroders as critical controls on present and future reef growth potential. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological Sciences, 281. pp. 1-9
- Perry C, Smithers S, Kench P and Pears B (2014) Impacts of Cyclone Yasi on nearshore, terrigenous sediment-dominated reefs of the central Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Geomorphology, 222. pp. 92-105
- Roche R, Perry C, Smithers S, Leng M, Grove C, Sloane H and Unsworth C (2014) Mid-Holocene sea surface conditions and riverine influence on the inshore Great Barrier Reef. The Holocene, 24 (8). pp. 885-897
ResearchOnline@JCU stores 73+ research outputs authored by A/Prof Scott Smithers from 2000 onwards.
- Current Funding
Current and recent Research Funding to JCU is shown by funding source and project.
QLD Department of Science, Information, Technology and Innovation - Advance Queensland Research Fellowship
Idenitfying sources of fine sediments to protect the Great Barrrier Reef.
- Indicative Funding
- $180,000 over 4 years
- This fellowship builds on Bainbridge's PhD thesis which identified the sediment fractions preferentially transported from rivers via flood flumes to the Great Barrier Reef lagoon, and which have the greatest influence on photic depth/water clarity. The research will identify both the key properties and the primary sources of this material, enabling more effective prioritisation and direct targeting of control works to improve the quality of water discharged to the Great Barrier Reef. This research is cutting edge in the field of sediment tracing and will contribute locally by identifying specific catchment sources of ecologically-damaging fine sediment, and to the broader international field of sediment tracing.
- Zoe Bainbridge, Stephen Lewis, Scott Smithers, Jon Olley, Joanne Burton, Scott Wilkinson and Stephen Hillier (TropWATER, College of Science & Engineering, Australian Rivers Institute, Department of Science, Information Technology and Innovation, Commonwealth Scientific & Industrial Research Organisation and James Hutton Institute)
- Fine Sediment; Great Barrier Reef; Clay minineralogy; Sediment Tracing; Geochemistry; Catchment Management
BHP Billiton Group Operation Pty Ltd - Research Grant
Geomorphological Understanding for Improved Island Management at Raine Island: Cay Evolution, Morphodynamics and Sediment Budget
- Indicative Funding
- $240,412 over 3 years (administered by Qld Dept National Parks, Sport & Racing)
- Raine Island is a cay composed of sediments produced on the surrounding reef. Its geomorphology is highly sensitive to changes in reef community composition and productivity that affect sediment production and delivery to the day, and depositional and post-depositional processes that affect net cay volume. A complete and accurate sediment budget is fundamental to understanding cay morphodynamics, for modelling geomorphic trajectories, and to address key management issues associated with such changes. This research will significantly improve the existing sediment budget for Raine (constructed using data from other reefs) by using productivity, transport, deposition and sediment attrition data collected on site.
- Scott Smithers and Joy Dawson (College of Science & Engineering)
- Great Barrier Reef; Geomorphology; Coral Reef; Reef Island; Climate Change; Protected Area Management
Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority - Science for Management Award
Past and present ecological condition on the reef flat at Holbourne Island and Middle Island
- Indicative Funding
- I will quantitatively describe the ecology of the fringing reef flats at Holbourne Island and Middle Island (located close to the recently approved Abbot Point dredge dumping proposal), and use RTK GPS to precisely define changes with respect to elevation against tidal datums. Shallow paleoecology will be reconstructed across the same reefs from percussion cores (<4 m in length), from which changes in community composition and reef growth rates will be determined. This analysis will provide important context for interpretations of contemporary reef condition at two coral reefs potentially exposed to increased anthropogenic pressure in coming decades.
- Emma Ryan, Scott Smithers and Stephen Lewis (Division of Tropical Environments & Societies, College of Science & Engineering and TropWATER)
- Reef Growth; Holbourne Island; Reef Ecology; Middle Island; Great Barrier Reef; Abbot Point
Department of the Environment - National Environmental Research Program - Tropical Ecosystems Hub
Characterising the cumulative impacts of global, regional and local stressors on the present and past biodiversity of the GBR
- Indicative Funding
- $149,999 over 5 years
- The aim of this research is to investigate how the cumulative impacts of multiple pressures on the GBR can be best understood and managed. Key stressors (pressures) will include rising sea-level, rising sea-surface temperature, seawater acidification, increased sediment/nutrient discharge, increased pollution from urban development, and other climatic drivers such as ENSO and cyclones. A further aim is to construct a long-term high-resolution environmental baseline which will quantify natural variability and cyclicity, against which the impact of European settlement and anthropogenic global warming can be isolated and properly assessed.
- Scott Smithers in collaboration with Stephen Lewis (College of Science & Engineering and TropWATER)
- Great Barrier Reef; Coral reefs; marine ecosystems; Sea Level; Global Warming; terrestrial discharge
Advisory Accreditation: I can be on your Advisory Panel as a Primary or Secondary Advisor.
These Higher Degree Research projects are either current or by students who have completed their studies within the past 5 years at JCU. Linked titles show theses available within ResearchOnline@JCU.
- Exploitation of ESA's Sentinel-1A and 3A missions for cross synergies of advanced coastal monitoring (PhD, Primary Advisor)
- Flood Risks on Assets and Livelihoods In Tropical Catchments within Oil Palm Landscapes;; (Masters, Secondary Advisor)
- Beach Sediment Dynamics and Responses to Changing Conditions on High Islands of Torres Strait (Masters, Secondary Advisor)
- Sediment Dynamics of a Large Tropical River System (PhD, Primary Advisor)
- Habitats and sessile benthic megafaunal communities in the mesophotic zone of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area, Australia (2012, PhD, Primary Advisor)
- Assessing the vulnerability of reef islands to climate change: a spatial-temporal sediment budget model approach (2015, PhD, Primary Advisor)
- Tracing the sources, transport and dispersal of suspended sediment from the Burdekin River catchment into the Great Barrier Reef lagoon (2015, PhD, Primary Advisor)
- Investigating long-term, high-resolution records of climate and extreme events in the southeast Indian and southwest Pacific oceans using the δ¹⁸O of stalagmites (2015, PhD, Secondary Advisor)
- A carbonate and terrigenous sediment budget for inshore turbid reefs on the Great Barrier Reef (2011, PhD, Primary Advisor)
- Fringing Reef Growth on the Central Great Barrier Reef: Signatures of Sea-level Change, Storms and Sedimentation (2016, PhD, Primary Advisor)
The map shows research collaborations by institution from the past 7 years.
Note: Map points are indicative of the countries or states that institutions are associated with.
- 5+ collaborations
- 4 collaborations
- 3 collaborations
- 2 collaborations
- 1 collaboration
- Indicates the Tropics (Torrid Zone)