Dr Damien Paris ~ Senior Lecturer - Physiology
College of Public Health, Medical & Vet Sciences
- MD1020: Introduction to Integrated Medical Studies Part 2 of 2 (Level 1; TSV)
- PC1002: Human Anatomy and Physiology 2 (Level 1; TSV)
- PP2201: Medical Physiology 2 (Level 2; TSV)
- PP3201: Contemporary Research in Physiology (Level 3; TSV)
- PP3251: Systemic Pathophysiology and Therapeutics (Level 3; TSV)
- PP5002: Literature Review (Level 5; TSV)
- PP5005: Special Topics in Physiology (Level 5; TSV)
- PP5201: Contemporary Research in Physiology (Level 5; TSV)
- PP5251: Systemic Pathophysiology and Therapeutics (Level 5; TSV)
- TV1003: Animal Structure and Function (Level 1; TSV)
- TV2002: Integrated Animal Structure and Function 2 (Level 2; TSV)
- the impact of adverse environmental factors on fertility and early embryo survival
- sperm adaptations to sperm competition within the female reproductive tract
- the application of assisted reproductive technology to domestic and wild animal production
- 2012 to 2013 - Grad Cert Edu (Tertiary Teaching), James Cook University (Townsville, Australia)
- 2007 to 2010 - Research Fellow, Universiteit Utrecht (Utrecht, The Netherlands)
- 2005 to 2007 - Marie Curie IIF Fellow, University of Glasgow (Glasgow, United Kingdom)
- 2000 to 2004 - PhD (Reproduction), University of Melbourne (Melbourne, Australia)
- 1991 to 1994 - BSc Hons I (Genetics), Monash University (Melbourne, Australia)
Dr. Paris is a cross-disciplinary reproductive and molecular biologist, with a BSc First-Class Honours in plant genetics/molecular biology (Monash University) and a PhD in mammalian reproduction (University of Melbourne).
His pre-doctoral career has included research in areas of wild animal reproduction, as well as human, animal and plant genetics at several prominent Australian and international institutions including the Monash Institute for Medical Research, Monash University, Murdoch Royal Childrens Institute, Baker Medical Research Institute and CSIRO (Australia); Wildlife Breeding Resource Centre (South Africa); and Max Planck Institute (based in Ivory Coast).
After completing his PhD, he was among the top 8% of applicants worldwide to be awarded a prestigious European Commission Marie Curie Incoming International Fellowship to study the functional significance of sperm-pairing in the South American opossum, Monodelphis domestica (University of Glasgow, Scotland). Thereafter, he investigated genes regulating early embryo development and pluripotency in the horse at the renowned Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiteit Utrecht (Netherlands), before joining JCU as a lecturer in 2011.
Current projects in the Paris Lab include:
• investigating the underlying mechanisms causing summer infertility in the boar & its downstream impact on early embryo survival in the sow
• determining the effect of in vitro production and mare-age on embryo development in the horse
• examining the influence of season and social dominance on fertility in endangered group-living African wild dogs; and developing assisted reproductive technologies for their conservation management.
His group uses a combination of techniques such as sperm cryopreservation, artificial insemination, IVF, molecular sexing, quantitative RT-PCR, TUNEL assays and immunofluorescent microscopy to answer these questions.
Available projects in 2017:
• Novel appeasing pheromones to minimise stress & aggression & bolster reproductive & immune function in African wild dogs. AWD Pheromone Project
• Effect of heat stress-induced sperm DNA damage on altered sex-ratio of pig embryos.
- 2014 to 2017 - JPRS PhD Scholarship to F. Van den Berghe (~AUD $200,000)
- 2013 to 2017 - AusAID Australian Development PhD Scholarship to S. Peña (AUD $255,083)
- 2014 - JCU Early Career Advisor of the Year Award (AUD $1,000)
- 2014 - 2 JCU Research Infrastructure Block Grants (AUD $146,231)
- 2013 to 2014 - SVBS Student Research Project Bursary to F. Stone (AUD $2,100)
- 2013 - Sophie Danforth Conservation Biology Fund (US $1,000)
- 2013 - JCU Research Infrastructure Block Grant (AUD $12,000)
- 2012 - Society for Reproductive Biology ECR Conference Registration Award (AUD $200)
- 2004 - University of Melbourne Dept. Zoology Research Committee Travel Grant (AUD $1,200)
- 2003 - Australian Mammal Society Travel Award (AUD $175)
- 2002 - Australian Mammal Society Bolliger Award (AUD $500)
- 2002 - International Symposium on Assisted Reproductive Technology for the Conservation & Genetic Management of Wildlife Travel Award (US $1,000)
- 2005 to 2007 - European Commission Marie Curie Incoming International Fellowship (€170,500)
- 2000 to 2003 - University of Melbourne Science Faculty Research Scholarship (AUD $50,000)
- 2001 - University of Melbourne Alfred Nicholas Fellowship (AUD $1,910)
- 2001 - University of Melbourne Abroad Travel Scholarship (AUD $1,000)
- 2012 to 2014 - JCU Biomed Examination Committee Member
- 2011 to 2014 - JCU SVBS Research & Graduate Student Training Committee Member
- 2011 to 2014 - JCU Med 1 Foundation Studies Committee Member
- 2010 to 2014 - IETS Domestic Animal Biomedical Embryology Committee Member
- 2003 to 2014 - Society for Reproductive Biology (SRB)
- 2002 to 2014 - American Zoo & Aquaria (AZA) Reproduction Scientific Advisory Group Member
- 2000 to 2014 - International Embryo Transfer Society (IETS)
- 2008 to 2012 - Dutch Society for Stem Cell Research (DSSCR)
- 2002 to 2009 - IETS Companion Animal, Non-Domestic & Endangered Species Technology Subcommittee Co-chair
- 2002 to 2014 - Grant Reviewer: AZA Conservation Endowment Fund
- 2000 to 2014 - Scientific Referee: Reproduction, Reproduction Fertility & Development, Theriogenology, BMC Molecular Biology, IETS Annual Conference, Int. Symp. Assisted Reproductive Technology for the Conservation & Genetic Management of Wildlife
- 2009 - Symposium Industry Sponsorship (US $14,000)
- 2009 - Guest Editor & Symposium Organizer: "Implementation of Artificial Insemination in Companion Animals, Non-Domestic & Endangered Species" 7th Jan 2009, San Diego, USA - published in Theriogenology 71(1)
- 2002 - CGS Pty. Ltd. Conference Travel Sponsorship (AUD $550)
These are the most recent publications associated with this author. To see a detailed profile of all publications stored at JCU, visit ResearchOnline@JCU. Hover over Altmetrics badges to see social impact.
- Other research outputs
- Peña S, Gummow B, Parker A and Paris D (in press) Revisiting summer infertility in the pig: could heat stress-induced sperm DNA damage negatively affect early embryo development? Animal Production Science, pp. 1-9
- Hendriks W, Colleoni S, Galli C, Paris D, Colenbrander B, Roelen B and Stout T (2015) Maternal age and in vitro culture affect mitochondrial number and function in equine oocytes and embryos. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 27 (6). pp. 957-968
- Peña S, Summers P, Gummow B and Paris D (2015) Oviduct binding ability of porcine spermatozoa develops in the epididymis and can be advanced by incubation with caudal fluid. Theriogenology, 83 (9). pp. 1502-1513
- Van den Berghe F, Paris D, Van Soom A, Rijsselaere T, Van der Weyde L, Bertschinger H and Paris M (2012) Reproduction in the endangered African wild dog: basic physiology,reproductive suppression and possible benefits of artificial insemination. Animal Reproduction Science, 133 (1-2). pp. 1-9
- Paris D, Kuijk E, Roelen B and Stout T (2011) Establishing reference genes for use in real-time quantitative PCR analysis of early equine embryos. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 23 (2). pp. 353-363
- Paris D and Stout T (2010) Equine embryos and embryonic stem cells: defining reliable markers of pluripotency. Theriogenology, 74 (4). pp. 516-524
- Rodger J, Paris D, Czarny N, Harris M, Molinia F, Taggart D, Allen C and Johnston S (2009) Artificial insemination in marsupials. Theriogenology, 71 (1). pp. 176-189
- Jones T, Featherston R, Paris D and Elgar M (2007) Age-related sperm transfer and sperm competitive ability in the male hide beetle. Behavioral Ecology, 18 (1). pp. 251-258
- Payne A, Mackay S, Ullmann S, Paris D, Allan G, McKenzie S and Gilmore D (2006) The cremasteric neuromuscular complex in male and female grey short-tailed opossums (Monodelphis domestica). Acta Zoologica, 87 (3). pp. 197-202
- Hynes E, Rudd C, Temple-Smith P, Sofronidis G, Paris D, Shaw G and Renfree M (2005) Mating sequence, dominance and paternity success in captive male tammar wallabies. Reproduction, 130. pp. 123-130
- Paris D, Taggart D, Shaw G, Temple-Smith P and Renfree M (2005) Changes in semen quality and morphology of the reproductive tract of the male tammar wallaby parallel seasonal breeding activity in the female. Reproduction, 130 (3). pp. 367-378
- Paris D, Taggart D, Shaw G, Temple-Smith P and Renfree M (2005) Birth of pouch young after artificial insemination in the tammar wallaby (Macropus eugenii). Biology of Reproduction, 72 (2). pp. 451-459
ResearchOnline@JCU stores 27+ research outputs authored by Dr Damien Paris from 1998 onwards.
- Current Funding
Current and recent Research Funding to JCU is shown by funding source and project.
QLD Department of Science, Information, Technology and Innovation - Advance Queensland PhD Scholarships
Development of advanced reproductive techniques to characterize infertility in Barramundi
- Indicative Funding
- $45,000 over 3 years
- Since the 1980's, the $45 million barramundi aquaculture industry has stagnated due to a lack of development of advanced breeding technologies. With the recent development of genomic resources & putative methods to control sex, the industry is poised to undergo rapid expansion by implementing a genetic-based breeding program. Significant impediments to progress include dependence on often unsuccessful mixed spawning events, under-representation of genetically valuable individuals in offspring, & an inability to preserve valuable bloodlines - all due to a poor understanding of the factors that determine (in)fertility in this species. This project will develop advanced reproductive techniques to characterize infertility & accelerate selective breeding in barramundi, which will be implemented into the industry. This project has been granted by the JCU Partnership Grants to consolidate the collaboration between the university and our industry partner, Mainstream Aquaculture, endowed with the largest recirculating aquaculture system operating in mainland Australia. Barramundi farming hold a subsequent place in Queensland as it is place of more than half of the Australian barramundi farm production. The outcomes of this project will provide a new leverage for Queensland's industry and economy by directly impacting the production, increasing capability for aquaculture farms and bring innovation in rural regions. Page 2
- Adrien Marc, Damien Paris, Dean Jerry and Jarrod Guppy (College of Public Health, Medical & Vet Sciences and College of Science & Engineering)
- Lates calcarifer calcarifer (Latidae); Aquaculture; Animal Production; Sperm quality quality; DNA Damage; Infertility
Fresno Chaffee Zoo - Research Grant
A Conservation Management Toolkit for the African wild dog (Lycaon pictus)
- Indicative Funding
- The African wild dog is an endangered exotic canid with an estimated 6,600 animals remaining in highly fragmented populations in the wild. Artificial Insemination combined with sperm freezing is widely regarded as one of the most powerful forms of assisted breeding technologies for the preservation, distribution and improvement of animal genetics, and offers tremendous potential for the genetic management of this socially complex species. Using captive African wild dogs, this project will test different sperm freezing protocols and develop artificial insemination techniques, so as to establish a high quality semen bank for the species. The effect of dog appeasing pheromones as an alternative method to mitigate stress and intra-pack aggression in captivity will also be validated.
- Damien Paris, Monica Paris and Femke Van den Berghe (College of Public Health and Medical & Vet Sciences)
- African wild dog; Artificial Insemination; Sperm freezing; Dominance; Reproductive suppression; Pheromones
Morris Animal Foundation - Established Investigator Grant
A Genetic Management Toolkit: Developing Semen freezing and Artificial Insemination in the African Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus)
- Indicative Funding
- $61,741 over 3 years (administered by IBREAM)
- The African wild dog is an endangered exotic canid with an estimated 6,600 animals remaining in highly fragmented populations in the wild. Artificial Insemination (AI) combined with sperm freezing is widely regarded as one of the most powerful forms of assisted breeding technologies for the preservation, distribution and improvement of animal genetics, and offers tremendous potential for the genetic management of this socially complex species. Using captive African wild dogs, this project will test different sperm freezing protocols and develop AI techniques, so as to establish a high quality semen bank for the species. The effect of dog appeasing pheromones as an alernative method to mitigate stress and intra-pack aggression in captivity will also be validated.
- Damien Paris, Zoltan Sarnyai and Femke Van den Berghe in collaboration with Monica Paris and Michael Briggs (College of Public Health, Medical & Vet Sciences and African Predator Conservation Research Organization (USA))
- African wild dog; Artificial Insemination; Sperm freezing; Dominance; Reproductive supression; Pheromones
Advisory Accreditation: I can be on your Advisory Panel as a Primary or Secondary Advisor.
These Higher Degree Research projects are either current or by students who have completed their studies within the past 5 years at JCU. Linked titles show theses available within ResearchOnline@JCU.
- Revisiting Summer Infertility: Impact of Heat Stress on Sperm DNA Integrity, Fertilization Potential and Early Embryo Survival. (PhD , Primary Advisor)
- A Conservation Management Toolkit: Developing Sperm Cryopreservation, Artificial Insemination and Behavioural Management Strategies for the African Wild Dog (Lycaon pictus) (PhD , Primary Advisor)
- Developing New Tools to Improve Fish Production and Understand the Causes of Infertility in Barramundi (PhD , Primary Advisor)
The map shows research collaborations by institution from the past 7 years.
Note: Map points are indicative of the countries or states that institutions are associated with.
- 5+ collaborations
- 4 collaborations
- 3 collaborations
- 2 collaborations
- 1 collaboration
- Indicates the Tropics (Torrid Zone)